The role of management is to guide organizations towards goal accomplishment. All organizations are present for some objectives or goals, and managers are responsible for the combination and use of organizational resources to ensure that their organizations achieve their objectives. The roles of management are to specify the activities undertaken by members of the organization to move forward towards an organization towards its objectives or goals.

If the management ensures that all activities are effectively designed, then the production of each individual worker will contribute to the achievement of organizational goals. The management tries to encourage personal activity that will motivate organizations to reach goals and discourage personal activity that will hinder the fulfillment of the organization’s objectives.

Henry Mintzberg identified three general management roles. They are Interpersonal Roles, Informative roles, and Decision making roles. Let’s take a quick look at each one.

Interpersonal roles of management: Management is largely about interpersonal relationships between the manager and the organization both inside and outside, such as employees, seniors, suppliers, and customers. This category includes providing information and ideas in managerial roles.

Also read | Functions of management

Figurehead: As a manager, they have social, formal, and legal responsibilities. Managers have to act as figureheads due to their formal rights and symbolic status for representing their organizations.
Leader: This is where the managers provide leadership to the team, department, or perhaps the entire organization; And this is where the managers manage the performance and responsibilities of everyone in the group.
Contacts: Managers should communicate with internal and external contacts. The managers should be able to make an effective network from outside of the organization.

Informational roles of management: Informational roles include getting and sending information as a spokesperson, a mentor, a coach or an administrator. A top manager is a voice of the organization and should be aware that personal opinion will also reflect on business (for better or worse). With the free flow of information on the Internet, it is very difficult for top managers to separate their personal identity from their corporate positions. Managerial roles in this category include processing information.

Also read | Nature of management

Monitor: In this role, the management regularly searches for information about the organization and industry, which is looking for relevant changes in the environment. The management also do the context of both the team’s monitoring, their productivity, and their well-being.
Decimator: This is where the manager’s communication potentially use the information for their colleagues and their team.
Spokesperson: Managers represent the organization and speak for the organization. In this role, you are responsible for bringing information about your organization and its goals to people outside.

Decision making roles of management: All managers are required to make a decision, but at different levels, managers make different types of decisions. Managers are decision-makers. In fact, failure to make a decision will often cause failure. The deciding role involved being an entrepreneur, unrest handler, resource allocator, and negotiator. The managerial roles of this category include the use of information.

Also read | Levels of management

Entrepreneur: As a manager, they create and control changes within the organization. It means solving problems, generating new ideas, and implementing them.
Disturbance handler: When an organization or team collides with an unexpected road, then the manager should take charge. And also, need to help in resolving disputes within it.
Resource allocator: The management must also decide where organizational resources are implemented. It involves allocating funds, as well as allocating employees and other organizational resources.
Negotiator: You may need to participate in a team, department, or organization and make direct, important talks.

Also read | Importance of management


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