Maslow Motivation Theory:

Abraham Maslow Motivation theory is one of the best known and most influential theories on motivation. The psychologist Abraham Maslow first developed his famous theory of personal development and motivation in 1940. He suggested that humans have a hierarchy of needs. That is, that all human beings act in a way that will address basic needs, the so-called higher-level needs, before proceeding to satisfy the other.

Maslow represented this principle as a hierarchical triangle. This suggests that in order to meet more complex needs, the basic needs must be met before the hierarchy can be “climbed”.

Maslow theory of motivation triangle

Physiological needs: Physiological needs are a concept created to explain and cultivate the foundations for motivation. This concept is the main physical requirement for human existence. This means that physical needs are universal human needs. Physical needs are considered the first step in intrinsic motivation according to Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This theory states that a human is forced to meet these physical needs in order to pursue internal satisfaction at a higher level. If these requirements are not attained, it leads to an increase in resentment within a person. In turn, when people feel resentful of this increase, the motivation to reduce these discrepancies increases. Physical needs can be defined as both symptoms and conditions. Allude symptoms for long periods as physiologic needs, irreversible demands that basic human life requires.
Physiological needs for human existence include:
• Water
• Wind
• Food
• To drink
• Shelter
• Clothing
• Warmth
• Gender
• Sleep

Safety and Security needs: Safety needs include those needs that provide a person with a sense of security and well-being. Personal safety, financial security, good health and protection from accidents, losses and their adverse effects are all included in safety needs. This level is already likely to occur in children as they usually have a greater need to feel safe. Safety and security needs are about protecting us from harm. These include shelter, job security, health, and a safe environment. If a person does not feel safe in the environment, they will seek safety before attempting to meet any higher level of survival, but the need for protection is not as important as the basic physical needs.
Safety and security requirements need include:
• Health
• Well being
• Need protection against accidents/illness
• Personal security
• Financial security

Belongingness needs: After meeting the physical and safety requirements, the third level of human needs is social and includes feelings of belonging. The need for interpersonal relationships drives behavior. This need is particularly strong in childhood and it can see the need for protection in children who abuse children.
Belongingness needs include:
• Friendship
• Intimacy
• Trust and Acceptance
• Love and Affection

Esteem needs: Esteem needs are self-esteem and respect needs, in which self-esteem is slightly more important than gaining respect and appreciation from others. Most humans need to feel respected; This includes the need for self-respect and self-esteem. The Esteem embodies the specific human desire to be accepted and valued by others.

Self-actualization needs: Self-actualization should describe the need for a person to reach his full potential. The need to become what a person is capable of is something that is highly personal.

According to Maslow’s definition of self-actualization need:
“It can be loosely described as the full use and exploitation of talents, abilities, abilities, etc. Such people appear to be fulfilling themselves and at best they are capable of doing so. There are people who have developed or are developing to the full potential in which they are capable. ”

Also read: Motivation , Nature of motivation , Importance of Motivation , Types of Motivation , Theory of motivation , Concept of staffing , Nature of staffing , Impotance of staffing


Aariana · January 16, 2020 at 12:14 pm

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Excellent one. A very informative & brief description of the theory.

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