The management process is a process for setting goals, planning, and/or controlling, and furthering any kind of activity, such as senior management of an organization is responsible for fulfilling its management process. However, this is not always the case for all the management processes, for example, it is the responsibility of the project manager to complete the project management process.
Planning: Planning means determining the goal of an organization and making the best decisions for them to achieve. Decision making decision planning, establishing future courses with respect to goals and a set of options to reach them. The plan helps in maintaining managerial effectiveness as it works as a guide for personnel for future activities. Besides achieving the goals, selecting the paths to achieve them, including planning.
The planning involves actions to select and achieve the mission and objectives, in order to choose between a course of decision or choice, to choose the future course of action. In essence, the meaning of planning means determining what the position and position of the organization should be in the future and how it should be brought in that situation.
Organizing: Organizing can be defined as the process through which the plans set up are taken closer to realizing it. Once a manager determines goals and develops plans, its next managerial task is to organize human and other resources which are identified as necessary by the plan to reach the goal. The event involves determining how activities and resources are collected and coordinated. The organization can also be defined as a deliberate formal structure of posts or roles for people to fill in an organization.
Organizing creates a structure of relationships in an organization and it happens through these structured relationships that pursue future plans. The organization is the part of management that includes establishing an intentional structure of roles to fill the people in the organization. It is deliberately in the sense of ensuring that all the functions needed to fulfill the goals are assigned to those people who can do best. The purpose of organizing is to create an environment for the best human performance.
Also read | Nature of management
Staffing: Staffing is related to organizing and fills and filling in it, situations in organization structure are included. This can be done by filling up the posts, identifying the need for the labor force, filling vacancies and training staff so that the assigned tasks can be completed effectively and efficiently.
The managerial work of promotions, demotion, discharge, discharge, dismissal, transfer, etc. are also included with extensive work “staffing”. Staffing ensures the right person appointment in the right position.
Originally, the organizing is deciding where the decisions will be made, who will work and who will work, who will work, and how to raise resources.
Also read | Importance of management
Leading: The fourth basic management process is leading. The skill of influencing people for a particular purpose or reason is called leading. A leader is considered to be the most important and challenging for all managerial activities. The organization is influencing or motivating the member to work closely with the organization’s interests.
It is called a pioneer to create a positive attitude towards work and goals among the members of the organization. This is necessary as it helps to serve the purpose of effectiveness and efficiency by changing the behavior of the employees. Leading includes several differentiation processes and is active. The tasks of direction, inspiration, communication, and coordination are considered as a part of the leading process or system.
Also read | Levels of management
Controlling: Controlling is a task of management that involves measuring achievement against established objectives and goals. For this, managers should be able to identify sources of deviation from the successful achievement and provide a collective course of action. The manager first establishes the objectives and goals, then measures their achievement, identifies anything that is preventing the company from receiving them, and if necessary gives a means of improvement.
Necessarily controlling does not involve achieving monetary goals and objectives only. It may be related to incompatible goals and objectives such as meeting production goals or reducing customer grievances with a certain amount.
Also read | Functions of management