Coordination in Management:
Coordination is the orderly synchronization of efforts by integrating and coordinating the activities of the subordinates to achieve the goals of the organization. Each business enterprise is divided into several departments and each department has many groups and individuals. Coordination in management is not a separate task, it is the force that binds all other tasks of management.
At all levels, the managers are concerned about achieving coordination while undertaking planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling tasks. Coordination in all the tasks of management is vested and implied.
Coordination is needed in the planning – When the plans are made, the manager ensures that different types of schemes (long-term and short-term, strategic and regular), policies, rules, and procedures work in harmony and coordination with each other so that different departments effectively follow in a manner. A systematic plan of work and related aspects from top to bottom of the organization.
Examples. Coordination between the targets of the production department and the sales department.
Coordination is required in the organization – Depending on the similarity of activities, division of work in departments, appointing people to manage these departments, define their rights and responsibilities, and the goal of organization structure is to coordinate departmental activities with organizational goals. If activities are randomly divided without coordination, then some activities can not be assigned to people and some can be assigned to more than one person.
Example: If the finance manager is given the right to raise funds, then he should be given the responsibility to manage the money efficiently.
Also read | Roles of management
Staff needs coordination – When the jobs been created, the manager ensures that people are kept on different jobs according to their skills and abilities. It ensures to keep the right person at the right place to achieve coordination between their work activities. The management team of an organization appoints the right person on the right jobs.
Example: CA should generally be given the job of financial nature.
Coordination in directing – When a manager directs the subordinates through inspiration, leadership, and communication, then he/she attempts to coordinate organizational activities. It is also an attempt to reconcile individual goals with organizational goals. Maintains unity and integrity among the members’ activities in the organization. Coordination is necessary for the free flow of information, sound leadership and suitable incentives for good performance.
Example: A manager directs that the subordinates inspire them and also supervise their work.
Also read | Functions of management
Coordination in control – It controls the activities through personal observation and other techniques. Controlling ensures that the actual performance is consistent with the planned performance. The purpose of controlling through budget or information system is to coordinate various organizational activities. Thus, each managerial activity is coordinated to contribute toward the direction of organizational goals. Coordination is required throughout the organization.
“Coordination is achieved by organizing the organization so to ensured the vertical coordination between the hierarchical levels of management and horizontal coordination between individuals and work units.” Management principles such as command and scalar chain unity make tasks easier. Manager in effectively coordinating managerial tasks.
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